Experience the serenity and mystique of the wild mires and discover the traces of the past geological drama. The geology of Lauhanvuori - Hämeenkangas UNESCO Global Geopark has international value. All Geoparks have their own geological theme, which in Lauhanvuori - Hämeenkangas UNESCO Global Geopark is the development from an ancient mountain range to the landscape of vast open mires we see today.

Memories of an ancient landscape

The Geopark’s history is a story of dramatic changes in the landscape. The landscape with wide mires of today were originally an impressive mountain scene, which, however, eroded a long time ago. The mountain range rose and fell in the distant past, but the events left in their wake a landscape that has promoted the development of a diverse mire habitat. The different types of mires, and the related cultural history, are an important part of the Geopark’s story.

Thousands of millions of years of geological history

The Geopark’s story dates back as far as 1900 million years ago. Crustal movements raised a large fold mountain range across Finland, which eroded in the course of hundreds of millions of years. Hints of the ancient events can be seen, for example, in the Kivijata stone field, located in the Lauhanvuori National Park.

Wide open landscapes, extensive valleys and gently sloping mountains

Mires emerged from ice

In the Geopark, the harsher southern mires meet the lusher northern mire nature. Follow the duckboards to discover the magic of the wild mires and the wonders they hold.

In the Geopark area, the alternation of ice ages and warmer phases has made the landscape conducive to the formation of mires. Mires started forming in ancient shallow sea inlets after post-glacial rebound. In Lauhanvuori – Hämeenkangas UNESCO Global Geopark, mires cover as much as one third of the surface area.

Mire is life

Wetlands have provided people with a livelihood: they have been used as bedding for livestock, as a source of iron ore and as fields, and their uses extend also to the fields of forest management and energy production. Despite all this, the area holds an abundance of natural mires, which appease the soul of the traveller.

Geology on a dish – GEOfood

The marshes, forests, lakes and rivers of the Geopark area dictate what can be found on our dinner plate. UNESCO Global Geoparks use the GEOfood brand to highlight the connection between geological heritage and local food. The international GEOfood label is managed by the Norwegian Magma UNESCO Global Geopark and is already used around the world. Learn more about the GEOfood label and its criteria.

The mystical mire hides many stories that cannot be read anywhere. You can only feel their presence.